During the visit of Prime Minister of Japan to India, the Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) between the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Government of Republic of India and the Cabinet Office, the Government of Japan was signed on 12.09.2017 on Cooperation in the field of Disaster Management.
The MoC seeks to put in place a system, whereby both India and Japan will be benefited from the exchange of information and collaborate on disaster risk reduction and policies in the areas of prevention, response and recover and reconstruction for "build back better", with the intention to strengthen disaster risk reduction capacities of both sides.
Both sides will enhance cooperation and collaboration to share information, lessons and policies for tsunami risk reduction, including tsunami awareness, early warning and preparedness. Both sides will also provide technical support, as mutually decided, to enhance ealry warning system and capacity building for earthquake risk management.
India became a member of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in 2017. The SCO is a Eurasian political, economical and security organisation. Apart from India, SCO has seven other member States (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan) and 4 observer States (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran and Mongolia). SCO Member States, inter-alia, have agreement on Disaster Relief Mutual Assistance, which calls for mutual assistance among the SCO counties in disaster response.
A Joint Declaration of Intent on Cooperation in the field of Disaster Management between the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Republic of India and the Federal Ministry of the Interior of the Federal Republic of Germany on cooperation in the field of disaster management was signed on 5th October 2015. The Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) seeks to deepen and develop cooperation in the field of Disaster Management through exchange of information, processing technologies and other Scientific/Technological expertise in the field of Disaster Management, as well as providing training and capacity building of First Responders in Civil Defence, urban search and rescue, Fire services and medical field.
A MoU was signed on 11th October, 2013 between the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), of India and the National Agency for Disaster Management of Indonesia with an aim to develop cooperation in the field of disaster management based on equality, reciprocity, mutual benefit and respect, and to promote relations and mutual understanding between the parties.The areas of cooperation between the countries include exchange of information in the field of disaster management, training and capacity building; exchange of experts and human resources on disaster management and organization of joint conferences, seminars, workshops as well as exercises and trainings in the relevant field and participation therein; interaction through competent authorities between appropriate organizations involved in trainings/capacity building and joint planning, development and implementation of research projects, exchange of scientific and technological publications and results of work in the field of disaster management, amongst others.
SAARC Agreement on Rapid Response to Natural Disasters was signed at the Ministerial level at the 17th SAARC Summit held at Addu city, Maldives on 11th November, 2011.
The objective of the agreement is “to provide effective regional mechanisms for rapid response to disasters to achieve a substantial reduction of disaster losses in lives and in the social, economic and environmental assets of the Parties, and to jointly respond to disaster emergencies through concerted national efforts and intensified regional cooperation..”
The Government of India and the Government of Russian Federation had signed the Agreement for cooperation in the field of Emergency Management during the 11th Indo-Russian Annual Summit held on 21st December 2010 in New Delhi. The main areas and forms of co-operation are: exchange of information, early warning, assessment of risks, joint conferences, seminars, workshops, training of specialists, mutual assistance in providing technical facilities and equipment, mutual assistance in enhancing early warning systems and capacity building of both states in emergency preparedness, prevention and response, planning and carrying out of activities related to emergency preparedness, prevention and response etc.
The Regulations defining the structure, functions and work procedure of the Indo - Russian Joint Commission were signed on 10th April 2013 in Moscow during the visit of the then Home Minister of India.
The first meeting of the Indo-Russian Joint Commission for cooperation in Prevention and Elimination of Consequences of Emergencies was held on 22nd March, 2016 in New Delhi. During this meeting the Joint Implementation Plan on cooperation in the field of prevention and elimination of emergencies for 2016-2017 was signed by Shri Raj Nath Singh, Hon’ble Union Home Minister and Mr. Puchkov Vladimir Andreevich, Minister EMERCOM, Russia.
During the visit of Indian delegation, led by Hon’ble Home Minister to Russia, the Joint Implementation Plan 2018-2019 was signed on 27th November, 2017 by Shri Raj Nath Singh, Hon’ble Union Home Minister and Mr. Puchkov Vladimir Andreevich, Minister EMERCOM, Russia.
India and Switzerland signed an agreement for extending cooperation in the prevention preparedness for handling natural disasters and assistance in the event of disasters or major emergencies. The aim of the agreement was to define the detailed procedures under which the “Swiss Government may offer and place at the disposal of the Government of India, the aid unit of the Humanitarian Aid of the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation in the affected area subject to acceptance of offer by the Government of India.”